ENTOMOLOGICAL RESEARCH IN RUSSIA AND ADJACENT REGIONS
Systematics and Zoogeography
Gershenson, V.A. Kozhevnikova
Yponomeuta tokyonellus Matsumura,
1931 (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae) — a new species for the fauna of Russia
from the Far East.
characteristics of Yponomeuta tokyonellus Matsumura, 1931,
previously unknown from the fauna of Russia is given.
Systematics of the tribus
Parnassiini (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) based on the study of four genes
and imago morphology.
SUMMARY. In this paper,
the system of the tribus Parnassiini, based on the imago morphology, larval
food plants and four nucleotide sequences is presented. The tribus contains
72 species in 6 genera: Driopa, Parnassius, Tadumia, Kreizbergius,
Sachaia, Koramius. The latter genus is divided into two
subgenera: Koramius s.str. and Kailasius, the rest are
treated as having no subgenera. The basic genitalia differences are:
presence of subscaphium, two-partial saccus and leather-like sphragis (Sachaia),
small stick-shaped brachium and non-flexible uncus (Driopa),
stucturized and sclerotized brachium and structural peculiarities of valva
(of two parts, with a very long harpe in the basal part) (Tadumia),
presence of medial harpe, set of very long hairs at the valva apex and
flexible uncus (Koramius), simply generalised uncus, reduced valva
and absence of sphragis (Kreizbergius), uncus linked to tegumen via
leather-like corrugation, harpe at the apical part of valva, horizontal
orientation of valva lobes (Parnassius). The lectotypes of the
following taxa are designated: Parnassius delphius infumata Austaut,
1891, P. d. shigarensis O. Bang-Haas, 1935, P. d. abramovi O.
Bang-Haas, 1915, P. tianschanicus olympius Staudinger, 1898, P.
acdestis priamus Bryk, 1914. The taxa Koramius hunza
(Grum-Grshimailo, 1888) and K. chitralica (Verity, 1911), Parnassius
mercurius Grum-Grshimailo, 1890 and P. actinobolides (O.Bang-Haas, 1928), Tadumia maharaja (Avinoff,
1916) and T. labeyriei (Weiss et Michel, 1989) are pairly
conspecific due to low differences in the genes COI and NADH-dehydrogenase
subunit 1 and similar male genitalia. Koramius hunza
(Grum-Grshimailo, 1888) and K. chitralica (Verity, 1911) have
identical male genitalia and differences in COI at 1.6 %, in
NADH-dehydrogenase subunit 1 at 0.5 %. The Parnassius mercurius
Grum-Grshimailo, 1890 and P. actinobolides (O.Bang-Haas,
1928) genitalia were not studied, but they are quite similar in their
habitus and show very small differences in COI (0.7 %) and
NADH-dehydrogenase subunit 1 (0.3 %) genes. The Tadumia maharaja
(Avinoff, 1916) and T. labeyriei (Weiss et Michel, 1989) genitalia
have not been studied but they have very similar habitus and very close COI
differences rate (0.7 %). The specific status for the following taxa was
confirmed by the COI and NADH-dehydrogenase subunit 1 genes differences: K.
kiritshenkoi (Avinov, 1910), K. infernalis (Elwes, 1886), K.
cardinal (Grum-Grshimailo, 1887), K. jacobsoni (Avinoff, 1913), K.
staudingeri (A.Bang-Haas, 1882), K. hunza
(Grum-Grshimailo, 1888). The difference rate for each of these taxa is over
2 %. The status of K. abramovi (O.Bang-Haas,
1915) as bona species was confirmed using the genitalic features of the
type specimen. It differs very well from other species of the superspecies Koramius
staudingeri (A.Bang-Haas, 1882): in K. abramovi the valva is
very characteristic/diagnostic, consisting of two parts, as we can see in Tadumia:
the dorsal surface of its basal part is a widely involute lobe (almost as
long as valva), and harpe has apical position (in other members of
superspecies K. staudingeri, the basal part of valva is always
narrow, involute not more than by a half of the valva length, and harpa
starts in the middle part of valva). A new status of Parnassius olympius
Staudinger, 1891, stat.n. as bona species based on male genitalia is
established: the valva of P. olympius is much wider than in P.
tianschanicus Oberthür, 1879, triangular in lateral view (in P.
tianschanicus it is narrow, linear-oval, the harpe of P. olympius
is much longer than a half of the valva length (in P. tianschanicus,
harpe is shorter than a half of the valva length, the harpe of P.
olympius with apex straight, in P. tianschanicus, the apex of
valva is convexed. The synonymy is established for Koramius staudingeri
infumata (Austaut, 1891) = K. staudingeri inaccessibilis
Bolshakov, S.K. Korb
To the systematics and
nomenclature of fritillaries of the Euphydryas aurinia (Rottemburg,
1775) - group from Siberia and Central Asia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae).
SUMMARY. Using the
investigation of female genitalia two new subspecies from the E. aurinia
(Rottemburg, 1775)-group are described: E. laeta mîina,
ssp.n. (type locality: Russia, Krasnoyarsk Prov., Minusinsk, Tatarsky
island) and E. laeta calima, ssp.n. (type locality:
Kazakhstan, Saur Mts., Temir-su river). Morphologically closely related to Å. laeta mîina,
ssp.n. taxa are some populations of E. cf. aurinia
(ssp.?) (midlands of North-Eastern Caucasus and Transcaucasus), whose
status should be clarified using molecular-genetic methods. Morphologically
closely related to E. laeta calima, ssp.n. are the
high-montane populations of E. laeta (Ñhristoph, 1893) (s. str.) from South Siberia. The
lectotype of tenebricosa Bang-Haas, 1927 studied and established,
the combination Å. laeta
tenebricosa (Î.Bang-Haas, 1927), comb.n. is used (North China:
Quinhai Province and, probably, adjacent lands). Lectotypes of two other Euphydryas
taxa from Central Asia are established as well: asiatica Staudinger,
1881 and alexandrina Staudinger, 1887. It is shown, that Å. asiatica (Staudinger, 1881) is an endemic of Dzhungarsky
Alatau Mts. (South-East Kazakhstan), but by the female genitalia it is
poorly distinguishable from the polymorphic complex Å. laeta and E. cf. aurinia (Caucasus and
Transcaucasus). It is confirmed, that Euphydryas alexandrina
(Staudinger, 1887), stat. rest. is a separate species with synonym narina
Oberthür, 1909. Two evolution strategies of
the genus Euphydryas Scudder, 1871 in Central Asia are described.
A review of the species of Calliteara
Butler, 1881 (Lepidopterà: Lymantriidae) in Russia with some taxonomic remarks.
SUMMARY. 8 species of
lymantriid moths of the genus Calliteara Butler, 1881, are noted
from Russia. Two species, Calliteara solitaria (Staudinger, 1887), stat.
rev., comb.n., which formerly treated as a synonym of Calliteara
lunulata (Butler, 1877), and Calliteara axutha (Collenette,
1934) are reported here for the Russia for the first time. Dasychira
phloeobares Collenette, 1938 is synonymized with Calliteara
conjuncta (Wileman, 1911), syn.n. Lectotypes are designated for Dasychira
solitaria Staudinger, 1892, Dasychira pudibunda ab. concolor
Staudinger, 1871, Dasychira pudica Staudinger,1887 from the
Zoologisches Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt Universität zu
Berlin, Germany. The differences in external and genitalic morphology
between Calliteara pudibunda (Linnaeus, 1758) and Calliteara
pseudabietis Butler, 1885 are confirmed by molecular analyses (DNA
Korb, D.A. Pozhogin
A new species of Lymantria
Hübner,  from South-East Kazakhstan with some notes on the
systematics of Lymantria dispar (Linnaeus, 1758) (Lepidoptera:
SUMMARY. From the Ili
river valley (35 km SE of Koktal, South-East Kazakhstan) Lymantria
storozhenkoae Korb et Pozhogin, sp.n. is described; this new
species differs from closely related L. dispar (Linnaeus, 1758) by
aedeagus structure, features of antennae and head. The lectotype of L.
dispar asiatica Wnukowsky, 1926 is designated, its type locality
restricted to “Vernyi town” (now Almaty in Kazakhstan). Basing on the
studying of more than 1500 specimens of L. dispar we divide this
species into 3 subspecies: nominotypical, asiatica, and japonica
Ecology and Faunistics
results of an investigation of the aquatic beetles of the suborder Adephaga
(Coleoptera) of the Denezhkin Kamen Nature Reserve.
SUMMARY. The results of
the first investigation of the aquatic beetles from suborder Adephaga of the
Denezhkin Kamen Nature Reserve are given. A total of 64 species
representing three families are listed; some aspects of their ecology and
types of their biotopic distribution are described. The species Graptodytes
granularis (Linnaeus, 1767) and Rhantus fennicus Huldén,
1982 are recorded from Asia for the first time.
to the fauna of bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of Moscow Province. 3. Family
Apidae. Genus Bombus Latreille, 1802.
SUMMÀRY. Article contains generalized information on
world and local distribution in Moscow Province (Middle Russia) of 32
species of bumble-bees of the genus Bombus Latreille, 1802
(excluding Psithyrus Lepeletier, 1832). Information on two species —
Bombus cryptarum (Fabricius, 1775) and B. magnus Vogt, 1911
is given for Moscow Province for the first time. The localities, the data
of catching, the quantity of collected specimens and original information
on ecology (trophic and lectic links, flight period, visited habitats) are
included. Colour forms of body pilosity and long-term changes in ratios of
color forms for variable species in Moscow Province are noted. Color
forms of all species are illustrated.
Bolshakov, S.Ê. Alekseev, V.V. Anikin, V.I. Piskunov, S.A. Andreev
and corrections on the fauna and ecology of Kaluga province Lepidoptera. 5.
SUMMARY. Additions and
corrections to the list of Lepidoptera of Kaluga Province are presented
based on collections material of 2010-2012 and the analysis of published
data. An annotated list of 75 species is presented, with 56 species being
recorded as new to the ðrovince,
including Monochroa conspersella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1854) and Catoptria
fulgidella (Hübner, ) — as new to Central Russia, the rest
being local, rare or demanding further investigation. Additionally, recent
records are reported for several species previously known from material
collected more than 30 years ago, îccurence of Dyspessa ulula (Borkhausen,
1790) previously recorded only in the early XXth century is confirmed. Also
provided are northernmost or nort-westernmost records in European Russia
for Adela fasciellà (Fabricius, 1775), A. prodigellà Zeller, 1853, Parascythris muelleri (Mann,
1871), Eupoecilia cebrana (Hübner, ), Acleris scabrana
([Denis et Schiffermüller], 1775), Eudemis profundana ([Denis
et Schiffermüller], 1775), Ancylis paludana (Barrett, 1871), Grapholita
fissana (Frölich, 1828), Jordanita chloros (Hübner,
), Zygaena centaureae Fischer von Waldheim, 1832, Crombrugghia
tristis (Zeller, 1841), Oidaematophorus rogenhoferi (Mann,
1871), Phycitodes albatella (Ragonot, 1887), Salebriopsis
albicilla (Herrich-Schäffer, 1849), Scoparia ingratella
Lienig et Zeller, 1846, Melanargia russiae (Esper, ), M.
galathea (Linnaeus, 1758), Fixsenia spini ([Denis et
Schiffermüller], 1775), Heliomata glarearia ([Denis et
Schiffermüller], 1775), Costaconvexa polygrammata (Borkhausen,
1794) and Ptilodon cucullina ([Denis et Schiffermüller], 1775).
casebearer fauna (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae) of Chuvash Republic.
SUMMARY. 68 casebearers
were recorded from Chuvash Republic, among them 5 species (Suireia
alnifoliae (Barasch, 1934), Plegmidia juncicolella (Stainton,
1851), Casignetella hackmani (Toll, 1953), C. paripennella
(Zeller, 1839), Ecebalia obscenella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855))
were recorded for the fist time from Volga Region, 50 — for the first time
A.E. Blinushov, V.A. Burtnev, I.V. Kuznetzov, A.V.
to the list of moths (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae, Thyatiridae, Epiplemidae,
Lasiocampidae, Lemoniidae, Sphingidae, Notodontidae, Lymantriidae,
Arctiidae, Syntomidae) of Ryazan Ðrovince.
SUMMARY. Presented addition to the fauna of
Macroheterocera of the Ryazan Ðrovince, including 23 species, of which 12 are
given for the ðrovince
for the first time, as for the others, the most rare
and interesting species provides additional information. Lacydes
spectabilis (Tauscher, 1806) for the first time given for the Centre of
the concept of “synanthropy” on the example of Diptera.
SUMMARY.The meaning of the
“synanthropy” concept is analyzed. The definition of synanthropic community
as independent and isolated from natural communities is criticized. The
examples of the development of so-called synanthropic species in nature are
discussed. The dependence of synanthropic communities on faunistic
composition of Diptera in nature is emphasized.
presence of Paraswammerdamia albicapitella (Scharfenberg, 1805)
(Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae) in European Russia.
Naydenov, O.N. Pekarsky
armata (Alphéraky, 1887)
(Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) new to Russia.
Pekarsky, S.K. Korb
first finding of Xylomoia retinax Mikkola, 1998 in Lover Volga
region (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).